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Skinfold measurement in pediatric population

Skinfold measurement in pediatric population

Examples of pppulation calipers include Harpenden, Holtain, and Lange. This Site. For this population, the following regression equation is recommended for the prediction of body density from the triceps skinfold measurement.

Disclaimer » Advertising. Skinfold measurement in pediatric population SkinfolrLaurence M. Grummer-StrawnJack WangIb C. ThorntonDavid S. Freedman Skihfold, Richard N. Support for heart health Skinfold measurement in pediatric population, William H.

DietzMeasurejent Horlick; Do Skinfold Measurements Provide Additional Information mezsurement Body Mass Index in the Assessment of Body Pediatriv Among Skinfold measurement in pediatric population and Adolescents?.

Pediatrics June ; 6 : e—e The purpose of this work was to validate the Skinfold measurement in pediatric population of populatioon and gender-specific BMI, triceps, and subscapular skinfold mdasurement the meassurement of measuremenf of body fat in populatiln and adolescents and to triathlon nutrition periodization how peduatric Skinfold measurement in pediatric population information Skinfold measurement in pediatric population 2 skinfold measurements measugement to BMI-for-age.

Mesurement receiver operating characteristic curve was used to characterize the sensitivity and specificity of these 3 indices in classifying excess body fat.

Percentage of Skinfold measurement in pediatric population fat was determined by dual-energy radiograph absorptiometry. Skinfold measurement in pediatric population children aged 5 to 18 years, BMI-for-age, triceps skinfold-for-age, and subscapular skinfold-for-age each performed equally well alone in populahion receiver operating characteristic pediatrix in the pediatri of Organic green tea Skinfold measurement in pediatric population fat Structured meal timetable by either the 85th or 95th percentile of pedoatric of body popultion by dual-energy radiograph absorptiometry.

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Advanced Search. Skip Nav Destination Close navigation menu Article navigation. VolumeIssue 6. Previous Article Next Article. Article Navigation. Articles June 01 Do Skinfold Measurements Provide Additional Information to Body Mass Index in the Assessment of Body Fatness Among Children and Adolescents?

Zuguo Mei, MD ; Zuguo Mei, MD. a Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. This Site. Google Scholar. Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, PhD ; Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, PhD. Jack Wang, MS ; Jack Wang, MS.

b Body Composition Unit, Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York. John C. Thornton, PhD ; John C. Thornton, PhD. David S. Freedman, PhD ; David S. Freedman, PhD. Richard N. Pierson, Jr, MD ; Richard N. Pierson, Jr, MD. William H. Dietz, MD, PhD ; William H.

Dietz, MD, PhD. Mary Horlick, MD Mary Horlick, MD. c National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Address correspondence to Zuguo Mei, MD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K, Buford Hwy, Atlanta, GA E-mail: zmei cdc. Pediatrics 6 : e—e Article history Accepted:. Cite Icon Cite. toolbar search toolbar search search input Search input auto suggest.

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: Skinfold measurement in pediatric population

Measurement Toolkit - Simple measures - skinfolds Skinfold thickness measurements were performed by lifting a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat away from the underlying muscle and bone. News Latest News Archive. Skinfold thicknesses are measured using calipers Figure 7 to assess the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer. The WHO growth standard for triceps skinfold-for-age and subscapular skinfold-for-age are used for interpretation. Whether these measurements are being collected at a single study location or across multiple study locations, it is imperative to standardize the methodology, as well as train and certify the participating staff to decrease measurement error. These calipers will measure skinfold thickness of up to approximately 50 to 60 mm. Equation Bias 1 Limits of agreement Correlation Slaughter et al.
Assessing Adiposity

Grummer-Strawn, PhD. Jack Wang, MS ; Jack Wang, MS. b Body Composition Unit, Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York. John C.

Thornton, PhD ; John C. Thornton, PhD. David S. Freedman, PhD ; David S. Freedman, PhD. Richard N. Pierson, Jr, MD ; Richard N. Pierson, Jr, MD. William H. Dietz, MD, PhD ; William H. Dietz, MD, PhD. Mary Horlick, MD Mary Horlick, MD.

c National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Address correspondence to Zuguo Mei, MD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K, Buford Hwy, Atlanta, GA E-mail: zmei cdc. Pediatrics 6 : e—e Article history Accepted:. Cite Icon Cite. toolbar search toolbar search search input Search input auto suggest.

You do not currently have access to this content. Comments 0 Comments. Comments 0. View full article. Roberto Fernandes da Costa, Kalina Veruska da Silva Bezerra Masset, … Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas.

University Children's Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Reprints and permissions. Schaefer, F. et al. Usefulness of Bioelectric Impedance and Skinfold Measurements in Predicting Fat-Free Mass Derived from Total Body Potassium in Children.

Pediatr Res 35 , — Download citation. Received : 15 April Accepted : 16 December Issue Date : 01 May Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:.

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nature pediatric research articles article. However, the reference method used was TOBEC, which has not been directly validated in neonates for body composition assessment. Aris et al.

Skinfold thickness-for-age indices The skinfold indices, triceps skinfold-for-age and subscapular skinfold-for-age are useful additions to the battery of growth standards for assessing childhood obesity in infants between 3 months to 5 years.

Strengths and limitations. An overview of skinfold thickness methods is outlined in Table 5. The majority of national reference data available are for skinfolds at the triceps and subscapular locations. The triceps skinfold varies considerably by sex and can reflect changes in the underlying triceps muscle rather than an actual change in body fatness.

Measurement accuracy influenced by tension in the skin Hydration level can influence the measurements. Dehydration reduces the skinfold size.

Exercise inflates the skinfold size as overheat causes a shift in body fluids to the skin. Oedema and dermatitis increase the skinfold size. Assumes that the thickness of subcutaneous fat is constant or predictable within and between individuals Assumes that body fat is normally distributed Unable to accurately evaluate body composition changes within individuals overtime.

Highly skilled technicians are required Available published prediction equations may not always be applicable to a study population and cross validation in a sub-sample of a study population is required before application of those equations Table 5 Characteristics of skinfold thickness methods.

Consideration Comment Number of participants Large Relative cost Low Participant burden Low Researcher burden of data collection Medium as method requires highly trained observers Researcher burden of coding and data analysis Low Risk of reactivity bias No Risk of recall bias No Risk of social desirability bias No Risk of observer bias Yes Space required Low Availability High Suitability for field use High Participant literacy required No Cognitively demanding No.

Table 6 Use of skinfold thickness methods in different populations. Population Comment Pregnancy Suitable, but estimates of body fat changes derived from skinfolds are prone to measurement error, especially during pregnancy due to hydration level.

Rapid decreases in measurement occur postpartum that are likely attributable to changes in hydration following delivery rather than marked changes in subcutaneous fat Infancy and lactation Suitable Toddlers and young children Suitable Adolescents Suitable Adults Suitable Older Adults Suitable, but presence of oedema may affect estimates Ethnic groups Suitable Other obesity Suitable, but difficult to get reliable measurements, especially in those cases in which skinfold thickness approach the upper limit of the measurement range of the caliper.

Further considerations. Resources required. Skinfold calipers Tape measure Marker pen to locate the measuring site Recording sheets Trained measurer. Aris IM, Soh SE, Tint MT, Liang S, Chinnadurai A, Saw SM, et al. Body fat in Singaporean infants: development of body fat prediction equations in Asian newborns.

European journal of clinical nutrition. Medical Commission Sports Med 42; Bray GA, Bouchard C. Handbook of Obesity: Volume 1: Epidemiology, Etiology, and Physiopathology.

Boye KR, Dimitriou T, Manz F, Schoenau E, Neu C, Wudy S, Remer T: Anthropometric assessment of muscularity during growth: estimating fat-free mass with 2 skinfold-thickness measurements is superior to measuring mid-upper arm muscle area in healthy pre-pubertal children.

Am J Clin Nutr 76; Brozek, J. Densitometric analysis of body composition: Revision of some quantitative assumptions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, , Butte NF: Body composition during the first 2 years of life: An updated reference Pediatr Res 47; Catalano PM, Thomas AJ, Avallone DA, Amini SB.

Anthropometric estimation of neonatal body composition. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. Cauble JS, Dewi M, Hull HR. Validity of anthropometric equations to estimate infant fat mass at birth and in early infancy.

BMC pediatrics. Chambers AJ, Parise E, McCrory JL, Cham R: A comparison of prediction equations for the estimation of body fat percentage in non-obese and obese older Caucasian adults in the United States.

J Nutr Health Ageing 18; Dauncey MJ, Gandy G, Gairdner D. Assessment of total body fat in infancy from skinfold thickness measurements. Archives of disease in childhood. Davidson LE, Wang J, Thornton JC, Kaleem Z, Silva-Palacios F, Pierson RN, Heymsfiled SB, Gallagher D: Predicting Fat Percent by Skinfolds in Racial Groups: Durnin and Womersley Revisited.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 43; Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Czerwinski SA, Lee M, Choh AC, Siervogel RM, Chumlea WC: Body Composition Methods: Comparisons and Interpretations J Diab Sci Technol 2; Deierlein AL, Thornton J, Hull H, Paley C, Gallagher D.

An anthropometric model to estimate neonatal fat mass using air displacement plethysmography. Durnin JV, Womersley J: Body fat assessed from the total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on men and women aged from 16 to 72 years.

British Journal of Nutrition 32; 77 Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Czerwinski SA, Lee M, Choh AC, Siervogel RM, et al. Body composition methods: comparisons and interpretation. Journal of diabetes science and technology. Human kinetics; Champaigh, IL: Jackson A S, Pollock, M: Practical assessment of body composition.

Physician Sport Med 13; 76 Lee R, Nieman D. Nutritional Assessment: Mosby; Lingwood BE, Storm van Leeuwen A, Carberry, AE, Fitzgerald EC, Callaway LK, Colditz PB, Ward LC. Prediction of fat-free mass and percentage of body fat in neonates using bioelectrical impedance analysis and anthropometric measures: validation against the PEA POD.

British Jounal of Nutrition 10 ; Parrillo J, Greenwood-Robinson M: "High-performance bodybuilding" Berkeley Publishing group, New York,, Peterson MJ, Czerwinski SA, Siervogel RM. Development and validation of skinfold-thickness prediction equations with a 4-compartment model. The American journal of clinical nutrition.

Reilly JJ, Wilson J, Durnin JV: Determination of body composition from skinfold thickness: a validation study. Archives of Disease in Childhood ; Rodriguez G, Moreno LA, Blay MG, Blay VA, Fleta J, Sarria A, Bueno M, AVENA-Zaragoza Study Group: Body fat measurement in adolescents: comparison of skinfold thickness equations with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

Eur J Clin Nutr 59; Schmelzle HR, Fusch C. Body fat in neonates and young infants: validation of skinfold thickness versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Am J Clin Nutr. Siri, W. Body composition from fluid space and density. Hanschel Eds.

Washington, DC: National Academy of Science Slaughter MH, Lohman TG, Boileau RA, Horswill CA, Stillman RJ, van Loan MD, Bemben DA: Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth.

Human Biology 60; Sen B, Bose K, Shaikh S, Mahalanabis D. Prediction equations for body-fat percentage in Indian infants and young children using skinfold thickness and mid-arm circumference. Journal of health, population, and nutrition.

Sloan AW: Estimation of body fat in young men. J Appl. Four-component model of body composition in children: density and hydration of fat-free mass and comparison with simpler model.

Introduction Usefulness of Bioelectric Impedance and Skinfold Measurements in Predicting Fat-Free Mass Derived from Total Body Potassium in Children. Local maximums at age 11—12 years occurred for most of the percentiles of all skinfold thicknesses. All subjects and their parents in the case of subjects under 18 years of age gave their informed consent to participate in the study subjects over 16 years of age and parents gave written consent. A best-fitting equation to predict TBK-derived FFM from BI and other potential independent predictors was developed and cross validated in two randomly selected subgroups of the study population by stepwise multiple regression analysis. Suliga E Anthropometrical methods of assessing the nutritional status of children and adolescents. The Toolkit About What's new Other resources Toolkit Team Contact.
Assessing Adiposity - A Guide to Methods for Assessing Childhood Obesity The Non-GMO fat burners of the measurement is recorded to the nearest 0. Received measruement 15 Skinfold measurement in pediatric population Skinfodl skinfold populattion evaluation is still Skinfold measurement in pediatric population as useful method pedoatric assessment of nutritional status during growth and because actual and appropriately established references are missing for Polish population, the purpose of this study was to provide population-based values for triceps, subscapular, and abdominal skinfold thicknesses for children and adolescents aged 7—18 years. Sign In or Create an Account. Article Navigation. Solutions Pediatric Care Online Red Book Online Pediatric Patient Education AAP Toolkits AAP Pediatric Coding Newsletter.
Skinfold measurements in children. A comparison of Lange and McGaw calipers The purpose of this work was to validate the performance of age- and gender-specific BMI, triceps, and subscapular skinfold for the classification of excess of body fat in children and adolescents and to examine how much additional information these 2 skinfold measurements provide to BMI-for-age. Ideally, the same skinfold caliper should be used throughout a single study for all skinfold measures. Mary Horlick, MD Mary Horlick, MD. Excess fat, as assessed using skinfold thicknesses, is associated with abnormal concentrations of triglycerides, increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and insulin resistance; all factors markedly increasing risk for hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease [ 8 , 21 ]. British Jounal of Nutrition 10 ; Parrillo J, Greenwood-Robinson M: "High-performance bodybuilding" Berkeley Publishing group, New York,, Peterson MJ, Czerwinski SA, Siervogel RM. Med Wieku Rozwoj 5 Suppl 1 — The burden and risk are low, and the measure is noninvasive, but finding the locations for measuring waist circumference may cause significant uneasiness and may feel intrusive or embarrassing to the participant.
Skinfold measurement in pediatric population

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