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High blood pressure causes

High blood pressure causes

The systolic pressure Lower body muscular endurance number is the force at which your heart pumps HHigh around your body. It involves the irregular breakdown of sugar, also called glucose. Measuring your blood pressure is quick and painless. Overview of hypertension in adults. Blood pressure cuff: Does size matter?

High blood pressure causes -

See our editorial policies and staff. High Blood Pressure. The Facts About HBP. Understanding Blood Pressure Readings. Why HBP is a "Silent Killer". Health Threats from HBP. Changes You Can Make to Manage High Blood Pressure. Baja Tu Presión.

Find HBP Tools and Resources. Blood Pressure Toolkit. In this free all-in-one learning tool , you can learn the risks of high blood pressure and how self-monitoring can help get it under control. Explore on your own time and download free information along the way. Home Health Topics High Blood Pressure The Facts About HBP What is High Blood Pressure?

What causes high blood pressure? However, some things may play a role in its development, including: Smoking Being overweight Lack of physical activity Too much salt in the diet Drinking too much alcohol more than 1 to 2 drinks per day Older age Family history of high blood pressure heredity Race African Americans have high blood pressure more often and more severely than White Americans Having chronic kidney disease.

How is your kidney health? Use our online curriculum to get individualized information for your stage of kidney disease. Enter Kidney Pathways. Can children get high blood pressure? How do I know if I have high blood pressure?

pdf © National Kidney Foundation. Save this content:. Share this content:. Select rating Give What Causes High Blood Pressure? Leave this field blank. Is this content helpful?

Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure readings can help you and your doctor notice any changes. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may have you check your blood pressure over a few weeks to see if the number stays elevated or falls back to normal levels.

Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes. Two numbers create a blood pressure reading. Systolic pressure top number indicates the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats and pumps out blood.

Diastolic pressure bottom number is the reading of the pressure in your arteries between beats of your heart. A blood pressure reading is taken with a pressure cuff.

An ill-fitting cuff may deliver inaccurate readings. Blood pressure readings are different for children and teenagers.

Hypertension is generally a silent condition. It may take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels severe enough that symptoms become obvious.

Even then, these symptoms may be attributed to other issues. Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:. The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. If you only have a yearly physical, talk with your doctor about your risks for hypertension and other readings you may need to help you watch your blood pressure.

For example, if you have a family history of heart disease or have risk factors for developing the condition, your doctor may recommend that you have your blood pressure checked twice a year. This helps you and your doctor stay on top of any possible issues before they become problematic.

Essential hypertension is also called primary hypertension. This kind of hypertension develops over time. Most people have this type of high blood pressure.

A combination of factors typically play a role in the development of essential hypertension:. Secondary hypertension often occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension.

Several conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include:. Diagnosing hypertension is as simple as taking a blood pressure reading. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may request you have more readings over the course of a few days or weeks. A hypertension diagnosis is rarely given after just one reading.

Your doctor needs to see evidence of a sustained problem. Also, blood pressure levels change throughout the day. If your blood pressure remains high, your doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include:.

These tests can help your doctor identify any secondary issues causing your elevated blood pressure. They can also look at the effects high blood pressure may have had on your organs.

During this time, your doctor may begin treating your hypertension. Early treatment may reduce your risk of lasting damage. A number of factors help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you.

These factors include which type of hypertension you have and what causes have been identified. If your doctor diagnoses you with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes may help reduce your high blood pressure.

If your doctor discovers an underlying issue causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition.

Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure.

Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked at first may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to refine your treatment.

Many people go through a trial-and-error phase with blood pressure medications. Your doctor may need to try different medications until they find one or a combination that works for you.

Healthy lifestyle changes can help you control the factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the most common ones. A heart-healthy diet is vital for helping to reduce high blood pressure.

These complications include heart disease, stroke, and heart attack. In addition to helping you lose weight if your doctor has recommended it , exercise can help lower blood pressure naturally, and strengthen your cardiovascular system. Aim to get minutes of moderate physical activity each week.

If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether.

Drinking alcohol in excess can raise blood pressure. If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.

Low glycemic meals to High blood pressure hypertension. Blkod most cases, it's not clear High blood pressure causes what causee high blood pressure. But there Affordable weight loss things that can increase your risk. Making healthy lifestyle changes can sometimes help reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help lower your blood pressure if it's already high. Find out more about how to prevent high blood pressure.


High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Signs, Symptoms, Ways to Lower It - Mass General Brigham

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