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Managing blood sugar fluctuations

Managing blood sugar fluctuations

Flucutations symptoms vary, but they include excessive, persistent Managing blood sugar fluctuations, glood attacks, irritability, confusion, sweating, Fat burner diet disrupted sleep. Performance enhancement tools Network. With Performance enhancement tools strategies, Maanging can help prevent spikes in your blood sugar levels, says Toby Smithson, RD, LDN, CDE,a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the founder of DiabetesEveryday. Corporate Alliances Corporate Alliances Corporate Alliances Home Current Alliances. Why do I have fluctuating blood sugar levels? Give Today. You can get legal protections for school and work because of diabetes, including….

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5 Tools for Managing Blood Glucose Numbers - Peter Attia, M.D.

Managing blood sugar fluctuations -

Complex carbohydrates leads to better blood sugar management compared with refined grains, according to the American Heart Association.

Next up video playing in 10 seconds. Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking. Resources Long-Term Complications of Diabetes. August 12, American Diabetes Association.

The Big Picture: Checking Your Blood Glucose. Understanding A1C. Pang MD, Goossens GH, Blaak EE. The Impact of Artificial Sweeteners on Body Weight Control and Glucose Homeostasis. Frontiers in Nutrition. January 7, Artificial Sweeteners: Any Effect on Blood Sugar? Mayo Clinic. January 14, Medications That Affect Blood Sugar.

The Dawn Phenomenon: What Can You Do? November 12, Diabetes and Women. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. June 20, Arora T, Taheri S. Sleep Optimization and Diabetes Control: A Review of the Literature.

Diabetes Therapy. December Suni E. How Much Sleep Do We Really Need? Sleep Foundation. March 22, Managing Diabetes in the Heat. July 27, Caffeine: Does It Affect Blood Sugar? April 12, Lane JD, Feinglos MN, Surwit RS.

Caffeine Increases Ambulatory Glucose and Postprandial Responses in Coffee Drinkers With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. February Bhaktha G, Nayak BS, Mayya S, Shantaram M. Relationship of Caffeine With Adiponectin and Blood Sugar Levels in Subjects With and Without Diabetes. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.

January You carry this small pump in your belt or pocket. The pump is attached to a narrow plastic tube that is connected to a needle.

You insert the needle under your skin. You wear the system 24 hours a day, and it continuously pumps insulin into your body. It helps keep your insulin levels steady, which in turn helps keep your glucose levels on a more even keel.

Typical diabetes management involves regular testing of your blood to check your glucose levels, often several times each day. With brittle diabetes, that may not be often enough to keep your glucose levels under control.

With continuous glucose monitoring CGM , a sensor is placed under your skin. This sensor constantly detects glucose levels in your tissues and can alert you when these levels get too high or too low. This allows you to treat your blood sugar issues right away. Brittle diabetes often responds positively to careful management.

However, some people with the condition still have severe blood sugar fluctuations despite treatment. In rare cases, these people may need a pancreas transplant. Your pancreas releases insulin in response to glucose in your bloodstream.

A study published in the journal Diabetes Care showed that pancreas transplants have high success rates in managing brittle diabetes. Other treatments are in development. For instance, an artificial pancreas is currently in clinical trials in a collaborative project between the Harvard School of Applied Engineering and the University of Virginia.

An artificial pancreas is a medical system that makes it unnecessary for you to manually manage your glucose monitoring and insulin injection. However, severe changes in blood sugar can lead to hospitalization because of the risk of diabetic coma. Also, over time, this condition can lead to other complications, such as:.

This is especially true if you have any of the risk factors listed above. Brittle diabetes is uncommon, but if you have type 1 diabetes, you should be aware of its possible causes and symptoms. You should also know that monitoring and managing your blood sugar levels is the best way to prevent all diabetes complications, including brittle diabetes.

If you have questions about how to manage your diabetes, talk to your doctor. They can help you understand more about your condition and advise you on how to stick to your care plan.

Working with your doctor, you can learn to manage — or prevent — brittle diabetes. That way, you can take the right dose of insulin. Among all foods, carbs often have the biggest impact on blood sugar levels. That's because the body breaks them down into sugar, which raises blood sugar levels.

Some carbs are better for you than others. For example, fruits, vegetables and whole grains are full of nutrients. They have fiber that helps keep blood sugar levels more stable too. Eat fewer refined, highly processed carbs. These include white bread, white rice, sugary cereal, cakes, cookies, candy and chips.

Get to know the plate method. This type of meal planning is simpler than counting carbs. The plate method helps you eat a healthy balance of foods and control portion sizes. Use a 9-inch plate.

Fill half of the plate with nonstarchy vegetables. Examples include lettuce, cucumbers, broccoli, tomatoes and green beans. Divide the other half of the plate into two smaller, equal sections. You might hear these smaller sections called quarters.

In one quarter of the plate, place a lean protein. Examples include fish, beans, eggs, and lean meat and poultry.

On the other quarter, place healthy carbohydrates such as fruits and whole grains. Be mindful of portion sizes. Learn what portion size is right for each type of food. Everyday objects can help you remember.

For example, one serving of meat or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards. A serving of cheese is about the size of six grapes. And a serving of cooked pasta or rice is about the size of a fist. You also can use measuring cups or a scale to help make sure you get the right portion sizes.

Balance your meals and medicines. If you take diabetes medicine, it's important to balance what you eat and drink with your medicine. Too little food in proportion to your diabetes medicine — especially insulin — can lead to dangerously low blood sugar.

This is called hypoglycemia. Too much food may cause your blood sugar level to climb too high. This is called hyperglycemia. Talk to your diabetes health care team about how to best coordinate meal and medicine schedules.

Limit sugary drinks. Sugar-sweetened drinks tend to be high in calories and low in nutrition. They also cause blood sugar to rise quickly. So it's best to limit these types of drinks if you have diabetes.

The exception is if you have a low blood sugar level. Sugary drinks can be used to quickly raise blood sugar that is too low.

These drinks include regular soda, juice and sports drinks. Exercise is another important part of managing diabetes. When you move and get active, your muscles use blood sugar for energy.

Regular physical activity also helps your body use insulin better. These factors work together to lower your blood sugar level.

The more strenuous your workout, the longer the effect lasts. But even light activities can improve your blood sugar level. Light activities include housework, gardening and walking. Talk to your healthcare professional about an exercise plan.

Ask your healthcare professional what type of exercise is right for you. In general, most adults should get at least minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity. That includes activities that get the heart pumping, such as walking, biking and swimming. Aim for about 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity a day on most days of the week.

Most adults also should aim to do strength-building exercise 2 to 3 times a week. If you haven't been active for a long time, your healthcare professional may want to check your overall health first.

Then the right balance of aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise can be recommended. Keep an exercise schedule. Ask your healthcare professional about the best time of day for you to exercise. That way, your workout routine is aligned with your meal and medicine schedules. Know your numbers. Talk with your healthcare professional about what blood sugar levels are right for you before you start exercise.

Check your blood sugar level. Also talk with your healthcare professional about your blood sugar testing needs.

If you don't take insulin or other diabetes medicines, you likely won't need to check your blood sugar before or during exercise. But if you take insulin or other diabetes medicines, testing is important.

Check your blood sugar before, during and after exercise. Many diabetes medicines lower blood sugar. So does exercise, and its effects can last up to a day later. The risk of low blood sugar is greater if the activity is new to you. The risk also is greater if you start to exercise at a more intense level.

Be aware of symptoms of low blood sugar. These include feeling shaky, weak, tired, hungry, lightheaded, irritable, anxious or confused. See if you need a snack. Have a small snack before you exercise if you use insulin and your blood sugar level is low.

The snack you have before exercise should contain about 15 to 30 grams of carbs. Or you could take 10 to 20 grams of glucose products. This helps prevent a low blood sugar level. Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water or other fluids while exercising.

Dehydration can affect blood sugar levels. Be prepared. Always have a small snack, glucose tablets or glucose gel with you during exercise. You'll need a quick way to boost your blood sugar if it drops too low. Carry medical identification too. In case of an emergency, medical identification can show others that you have diabetes.

It also can show whether you take diabetes medicine such as insulin. Medical IDs come in forms such as cards, bracelets and necklaces.

Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. If you take insulin, you may need to lower your insulin dose before you exercise. You also may need to watch your blood sugar level closely for several hours after intense activity. That's because low blood sugar can happen later on.

Your healthcare professional can advise you how to correctly make changes to your medicine. You also may need to adjust your treatment if you've increased how often or how hard you exercise. Insulin and other diabetes medicines are designed to lower blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone don't help enough.

How well these medicines work depends on the timing and size of the dose. Medicines you take for conditions other than diabetes also can affect your blood sugar levels. Store insulin properly. Insulin that is not stored properly or is past its expiration date may not work.

Keep insulin away from extreme heat or cold. Don't store it in the freezer or in direct sunlight. Tell your healthcare professional about any medicine problems. If your diabetes medicines cause your blood sugar level to drop too low, the dosage or timing may need to be changed.

Your healthcare professional also might adjust your medicine if your blood sugar stays too high. Be cautious with new medicines. Talk with your healthcare team or pharmacist before you try new medicines.

That includes medicines sold without a prescription and those prescribed for other medical conditions. Ask how the new medicine might affect your blood sugar levels and any diabetes medicines you take.

Sometimes a different medicine may be used to prevent dangerous side effects. Or a different medicine might be used to prevent your current medicine from mixing poorly with a new one. With diabetes, it's important to be prepared for times of illness.

When you're sick, your body makes stress-related hormones that help fight the illness. But those hormones also can raise your blood sugar. Changes in your appetite and usual activity also may affect your blood sugar level.

Plan ahead.

Berry Fruit Infusions people fpuctuations be Managing blood sugar fluctuations from symptoms of common mood disorders, Performance enhancement tools as depression and anxiety, fluctuafions realizing that variable blood sugar could be the culprit. Effective weight management growing body of evidence suggests Performance enhancement tools fluctuatiions between mood and blood-sugar, or glycemic, highs and lows. Symptoms of poor glycemic regulation have been shown to closely mirror mental health symptoms, such as irritability, anxiety, and worry. This should come as no surprise, as the brain runs primarily on glucose. Although more studies are warranted to solidify the relationship between mood and blood sugar, considering dietary and lifestyle implications on common mood disorders can rule out lesser known causes.

Managing blood sugar fluctuations -

RELATED: Does Metformin Cause Weight Loss? These hormones make the body less sensitive to insulin , and in people with diabetes, can contribute to a morning blood sugar spike. She notes that eating a small, protein-rich, low-carb snack at bedtime can sometimes help by shortening the fast without spiking nighttime blood sugar.

While the effect varies from person to person, some women with diabetes become less sensitive to insulin during the week or so leading up to their period, which can translate into above-normal sugar levels, McDermott explains.

Readings typically return to normal once or soon after menstruation begins. Just be sure to track your cycle and blood sugar levels closely to be certain this is the cause. RELATED: The Top Foods That Tend to Spike Blood Sugar.

Restless nights hurt more than your mood and energy — they may also spell trouble for your blood sugar. A review published in concluded that a lack of sleep may hinder glucose control and insulin sensitivity in people with type 2 diabetes.

Unfortunately, people with type 2 diabetes commonly report trouble sleeping, McDermott says. Those with a high body mass index are at particular risk for sleep apnea , in which breathing frequently starts and stops during sleep.

To improve your sleep quality and duration, work to get into a consistent sleep routine where you go to bed and wake at the same time every day. Your goal: Nab at least seven hours of sleep per night, per recommendations from the National Sleep Foundation. If you continue to have sleep troubles or suspect you have sleep apnea for instance, maybe your partner complains about your snoring , reach out to a sleep medicine specialist for support, Bonsignore says.

Some may see their blood sugar creep up on really hot days because the unpleasant conditions put extra stress on their system; others, particularly those taking insulin, may experience the opposite effect, she says. The latter can further stoke blood sugar levels by increasing the risk of dehydration.

Try to stay indoors during the hottest part of the day, and monitor your blood sugar closely for changes when the mercury starts to rise, recommends Bonsignore. RELATED: 8 Best Fruits for a Diabetes-Friendly Diet.

The time change can disrupt your medication schedule and cause unusual eating and sleeping habits, which interfere with blood sugar control, McDermott says. She advises checking your blood sugar more frequently while traveling to catch any concerning trends before they become serious problems.

McDermott also recommends packing healthy carb-balanced snacks as well as a refillable water bottle to help you stay hydrated. According to the Mayo Clinic , consuming up to milligrams mg of caffeine per day is safe for most people, but in those with diabetes, the substance may affect how insulin behaves, which can lead to low or high blood sugar.

Prior research suggests that consuming too much caffeine may cause blood sugar levels to spike in those who already have the disease. To make things even more confusing, a different study, published in , suggested that caffeine intake can actually improve how the body manages blood sugar and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.

It may depend on the person. All you can do is monitor your blood glucose to observe how caffeine affects you. If you experience frequent blood sugar swings and are a heavy consumer of caffeinated beverages which include diet soda as well as coffee and tea , consider cutting back to see if your glucose control improves, Bonsignore recommends.

Testing after handling food can produce an erroneously high reading because sugar residues on the skin can contaminate the blood sample, research has shown. If your blood sugar readings come back as higher than it really is, you could easily end up taking too much insulin, McDermott says.

The result: dangerously low blood sugar levels. Everyday Health follows strict sourcing guidelines to ensure the accuracy of its content, outlined in our editorial policy.

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Type 2 Diabetes. By Johannah Sakimura, RD and K. Aleisha Fetters. Medically Reviewed. Kacy Church, MD. How are you sweetening your coffee? What you add to your cup may affect your blood sugar levels. RELATED: 5 Ways to Lower Your A1C Learning how different habits can cause your blood sugar to fluctuate can help you better predict how your levels will swing.

Complex carbohydrates leads to better blood sugar management compared with refined grains, according to the American Heart Association. Next up video playing in 10 seconds. Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking. Resources Long-Term Complications of Diabetes.

August 12, American Diabetes Association. The Big Picture: Checking Your Blood Glucose. Understanding A1C. Pang MD, Goossens GH, Blaak EE. The Impact of Artificial Sweeteners on Body Weight Control and Glucose Homeostasis.

Frontiers in Nutrition. January 7, Artificial Sweeteners: Any Effect on Blood Sugar? Over time, it can lead to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Vinegar, particularly apple cider vinegar , has been found to have many health benefits. It has been linked to weight loss, cholesterol reduction, antibacterial properties and blood sugar control 31 , 32 , Several studies show that consuming vinegar can increase insulin response and reduce blood sugar spikes 31 , 34 , 35 , 36 , One study found vinegar significantly reduced blood sugar in participants who had just consumed a meal containing 50 grams of carbs.

The study also found that the stronger the vinegar, the lower the blood sugar Another study looked into the effect of vinegar on blood sugar after participants consumed carbs. The addition of vinegar can also lower the glycemic index of a food, which can help reduce blood sugar spikes.

A study in Japan found that adding pickled foods to rice decreased the glycemic index of the meal significantly Vinegar has been shown to increase insulin response and help control blood sugar when taken with carbs.

It is thought to enhance the action of insulin. This could help control blood sugar spikes by encouraging the cells to absorb sugar from the blood. In one small study, 13 healthy men were given 75 grams of white bread with or without chromium added. Recommended dietary intakes for chromium can be found here.

Rich food sources include broccoli, egg yolks, shellfish, tomatoes and Brazil nuts. Magnesium is another mineral that has been linked to blood sugar control.

In one study of 48 people, half were given a mg magnesium supplement along with lifestyle advice, while the other half were just given lifestyle advice. Insulin sensitivity increased in the group given magnesium supplements Another study investigated the combined effects of supplementing with chromium and magnesium on blood sugar.

They found that a combination of the two increased insulin sensitivity more than either supplement alone Recommended dietary intakes for magnesium can be found here. Rich food sources include spinach, almonds, avocados, cashews and peanuts.

Chromium and magnesium may help increase insulin sensitivity. Evidence shows they may be more effective together. Cinnamon and fenugreek have been used in alternative medicine for thousands of years. They have both been linked to blood sugar control.

The scientific evidence for the use of cinnamon in blood sugar control is mixed. In healthy people, cinnamon has been shown to increase insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar spikes following a carb-based meal 43 , 44 , 45 , It found that eating 6 grams of cinnamon with grams of rice pudding significantly reduced blood sugar spikes, compared to eating the pudding alone One review looked at 10 high-quality studies in a total of people with diabetes.

The review found no significant difference in blood sugar spikes after participants had taken cinnamon The European Food Safety Authority EFSA has set the tolerable daily intake of coumarin at 0.

This is around half a teaspoon 1 gram of Cassia cinnamon for a pound kg person One of the properties of fenugreek is that the seeds are high in soluble fiber.

An analysis of 10 studies found that fenugreek significantly reduced blood sugar two hours after eating Fenugreek may help reduce blood sugar spikes. It can be added to food, but it does have quite a strong taste, so some people prefer to take it as a supplement. Both cinnamon and fenugreek are relatively safe.

They may have beneficial effects on your blood sugar if you take them with a meal that contains carbs. Berberine is a chemical that can be extracted from several different plants It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years.

Some of its uses include cholesterol reduction, weight loss and blood sugar control 52 , Berberine reduces the amount of sugar produced by the liver and increases insulin sensitivity. It has even been found to be as effective as some drugs used for type 2 diabetes 54 , 55 , 56 , One study looked at people with type 2 diabetes who either received berberine or a placebo for three months.

However, another study found berberine caused side effects in some people, such as diarrhea, constipation and gas Although berberine appears to be fairly safe, speak to your doctor before taking it if you have any medical conditions or are taking any medication.

If you really want to reduce your blood sugar spikes, you should also consider these lifestyle factors that can affect blood sugar. Stress can negatively affect your health in a number of ways, causing headaches, increased blood pressure and anxiety.

It has also been shown to affect blood sugar. As stress levels go up, your body releases certain hormones. The effect is to release stored energy in the form of sugar into your bloodstream for the fight-or-flight response One study of Italian workers found an increase in work-related stress was directly linked to an increase in blood sugar levels Actively addressing stress has also been found to benefit your blood sugar.

In a study of nursing students, yoga exercises were found to reduce stress and blood sugar spikes following a meal Both too little and too much sleep have been associated with poor blood sugar control. A study of nine healthy people showed that sleeping too little, or only for 4 hours, increased insulin resistance and blood sugar levels With sleep, quality is as important as quantity.

A study found the deepest level of sleep NREM to be most important in terms of controlling blood sugar Alcoholic drinks often contain a lot of added sugar. This is particularly true for mixed drinks and cocktails, which can contain up to 30 grams of sugar per serving. The sugar in alcoholic drinks will cause blood sugar spikes in the same way as added sugar in food.

Most alcoholic drinks also have little or no nutritional value. As with added sugar, they are effectively empty calories. Furthermore, over time, heavy drinking can decrease the effectiveness of insulin, which leads to high blood sugar and can eventually lead to type 2 diabetes However, studies show that moderate, controlled drinking can actually have a protective effect when it comes to blood sugar control and can also lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes 67 , 68 , Poor sleep, stress and high alcohol intake all negatively affect blood sugar.

Simple dietary changes, such as sticking to a low-carb, high-fiber diet and avoiding added sugars and refined grains, can help you avoid blood sugar spikes. Exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight and drinking plenty of water can also have added benefits to your health beyond helping to control your blood sugar.

That said, if you have any medical conditions or are on any medications, speak to your doctor before making any changes to your diet. For most people, making these simple diet and lifestyle changes is a great way to lower your risk of developing insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes.

Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by experts. Our team of licensed nutritionists and dietitians strive to be objective, unbiased, honest and to present both sides of the argument.

This article contains scientific references. The numbers in the parentheses 1, 2, 3 are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers. Has taking insulin led to weight gain for you? Learn why this happens, plus how you can manage your weight once you've started insulin treatment.

When it comes to managing diabetes, adding the right superfoods to your diet is key. Try these simple, delicious recipes for breakfast, lunch, and….

A Quiz for Teens Are You a Workaholic? How Well Do You Sleep? Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect. Nutrition Evidence Based How to Prevent Blood Sugar Spikes. By Alexandra Rowles, RD — Updated on March 13, Go low-carb.

If Performance enhancement tools have diabetes, you should try Managing blood sugar fluctuations keep your sugad glucose sugar as Performance enhancement tools to target range as possible. Fluctuatioms will help to Naturally occurring stimulant or fluctuahions complications related fluctuationx diabetes. Blood sugar is the amount of sugar in your blood at a given time. It's important to check your blood sugar level, because it will:. A blood glucose meter is used to check your blood sugar at home. You can get these meters at most pharmacies or from your diabetes educator. Talk with your diabetes educator or pharmacist about which one is right for you. Some reasons why:. When sweat evaporates dries on your skin, it removes b,ood and cools f,uctuations. Important to know: Optimal nutrition for performance heat index can Managing blood sugar fluctuations up fludtuations 15°F higher Performance enhancement tools full flucctuations, so stick to the shade when the weather warms up. Get out early in the morning or in the evening when temperatures are lower, or go to an air-conditioned mall or gym to get active. Kids out of school, vacations, get-togethers, family reunions. The summer season can throw off your routine, and possibly your diabetes management plan. Know what else feels the heat? Managing blood sugar fluctuations

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