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Citrus aurantium for stress relief

Citrus aurantium for stress relief

Two hours later right before inducing anesthesia Nootropic for Studying was assessed Citruw the same methods by other anesthesiologist and psychologist who were blinded to the groups and patients' baseline values. They obtained d-limonene In another study, eating a whole bitter orange containing

Citrus aurantium for stress relief -

The leaves of the bitter orange plant are rich in vitamin C , which acts as an antioxidant. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your body from disease by preventing cell damage. They work by deactivating free radicals, which are unstable compounds that damage your cells, increasing inflammation and your disease risk 15 , Protoalkaloids are plant compounds found in bitter orange that have anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties.

They have been shown to be safe for consumption. Many weight loss supplements use bitter orange extracts in combination with other ingredients.

However, scientific studies have not thoroughly examined the composition of these supplements to determine which ingredient, if any, supports weight loss.

Notably, p-synephrine has been shown to increase fat breakdown, raise energy expenditure, and mildly suppress appetite , all of which may contribute to reduced weight. Yet, these effects occur at high doses that are discouraged due to the lack of safety information 4 , 8 , Bitter orange and its extracts are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM to treat indigestion, diarrhea, dysentery, and constipation.

In other regions, the fruit is used to treat anxiety and epilepsy 3. Another study noted that the bitter orange compound p-synephrine may improve athletic performance though by increasing total reps and volume load, or your ability to train harder A stimulant is a substance that increases your heart rate and blood pressure 1.

Several sports organizations, such as the National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA , list synephrine as a stimulant. Furthermore, one study determined that bitter orange juice contains furanocoumarin, a compound that may cause the same medication interactions as grapefruit juice Therefore, people taking decongestants or those who have high blood pressure, an irregular heartbeat, or glaucoma should avoid the juice and fruit of bitter oranges.

Despite numerous studies showing that bitter orange extracts are not stimulants, widespread controversy exists, and the NCAA has listed it as a banned substance.

Bitter orange may also interact with certain medications. Generally, bitter orange extracts in dietary supplements are safe to consume in doses of 50—98 mg per day 1 , One study showed that 40 mg of synephrine combined with mg of caffeine is a safe dose of these combined ingredients 3.

In another study, eating a whole bitter orange containing Still, people who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid bitter orange due to a lack of safety information 1. Bitter orange is likely safe in doses ranging from The juice of the bitter orange can be used as a marinade to flavor fish and meat.

Bitter orange has several other household uses outside of the kitchen. These include 2 :. Bitter orange is a citrus fruit with several household and industrial uses, ranging from food additives to perfumery. You may want to avoid this fruit and its extracts if you have high blood pressure, an irregular heartbeat, or glaucoma.

Likewise, bitter orange supplements are banned for NCAA athletes. Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available. Some argue that orange peels contain important nutrients and should be eaten rather than thrown away. For instance, a small study published in found that breathing in the scent of an aromatherapy blend containing ylang ylang essential oil led to a decrease in blood pressure and stress-hormone levels.

While it's too soon to recommend ylang ylang essential oil for blood pressure control, incorporating aromatherapy with ylang ylang into your self-care routine might offer stress-reducing benefits that could enhance your overall health. Although ylang-ylang can be relaxing, don't use it before an exam.

One study comparing ylang-ylang aroma with peppermint aroma found that while peppermint enhanced memory, ylang-ylang caused calmness but impaired memory and lengthened processing speed.

An aromatherapy oil with a sweet, woody scent, frankincense essential oil is sometimes used to unwind and ease stress. Typically sourced from the resin of the boswellia tree, frankincense essential oil is also said to alleviate anxiety.

So far, research on the stress-relieving effects of frankincense essential oil is very limited. While there's currently a lack of scientific support for the claim that frankincense can fight stress, it's possible that using this essential oil in combination with relaxing oils like lavender, rose , and orange drops of the oil onto a cloth or tissue could help you calm down.

When using essential oils, make sure to combine the oil with a carrier oil such as jojoba, sweet almond, or avocado , before applying it to your skin or adding it to your bath. You can also use an aromatherapy diffuser or vaporizer, or sprinkle a few drops of the oil onto a cloth or tissue and then breathe in its aroma.

Despite aromatherapy's long history of use, there is still a lack of large-scale clinical trials exploring the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety. While an essential oil combined with a carrier oil and massaged into your skin or added to a bath may help you unwind after a stressful day, consult your healthcare provider before using essential oils for any condition.

While nearly everyone experiences stress every now and then, it's important to watch out for signs of an anxiety disorder. If you're experiencing symptoms like a near-constant presence of worry or tension, difficulty concentrating, and sleep disruption, or have other symptoms that concern you, be sure to talk to your healthcare provider.

Chamine I, Oken BS. Aroma Effects on Physiologic and Cognitive Function Following Acute Stress: A Mechanism Investigation. J Altern Complement Med. Chen MC, Fang SH, Fang L. The effects of aromatherapy in relieving symptoms related to job stress among nurses.

Int J Nurs Pract. Han X, Gibson J, Eggett DL, Parker TL. Bergamot Citrus bergamia Essential Oil Inhalation Improves Positive Feelings in the Waiting Room of a Mental Health Treatment Center: A Pilot Study.

Phytother Res. Watanabe E, Kuchta K, Kimura M, Rauwald HW, Kamei T, Imanishi J. Essential Oil Aromatherapy on Mood States, Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity, and Salivary Cortisol Levels in 41 Healthy Females. Forsch Komplementmed.

Goes TC, Ursulino FR, Almeida-Souza TH, Alves PB, Teixeira-Silva F. Effect of Lemongrass Aroma on Experimental Anxiety in Humans. Hu PH, Peng YC, Lin YT, Chang CS, Ou MC. Aromatherapy for Reducing Colonoscopy Related Procedural Anxiety and Physiological Parameters: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Choi SY, Kang P, Lee HS, Seol GH. Effects of Inhalation of Essential Oil of Citrus aurantium L. amara on Menopausal Symptoms, Stress, and Estrogen in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Dyer J, Cleary L, Ragsdale-Lowe M, McNeill S, Osland C.

The use of aromasticks at a cancer centre: a retrospective audit. Complement Ther Clin Pract. Matsumoto T, Asakura H, Hayashi T.

Effects of Olfactory Stimulation from the Fragrance of the Japanese Citrus Fruit Yuzu Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka on Mood States and Salivary Chromogranin A as an Endocrinologic Stress Marker. Ueki S, Niinomi K, Takashima Y, et al.

Effectiveness of aromatherapy in decreasing maternal anxiety for a sick child undergoing infusion in a paediatric clinic. Complement Ther Med. Goes TC, Antunes FD, Alves PB, Teixeira-Silva F. Effect of Sweet Orange Aroma on Experimental Anxiety in Humans. Chaves neto G, Braga JEF, Alves MF, et al.

Anxiolytic Effect of Citrus aurantium L. immediately before the tests, as described by Almeida et al. The open-field test was originally proposed as a measure of emotionality, with the animals being exposed to excessive light or noise.

The rats were individually placed in the center of the open-field, which was circular, divided into 3 concentric circles subdivided by straight line segments into 19 equal parts measuring 80 cm of diameter and 30 cm of height. The lighting was equivalent to 3 light bulbs of 60 watts placed cm above the floor of the open-field.

We recorded the behavioral parameters regarding locomotion in the center of the arena and its peripheral walls; frequency of rearing number of times the animals stood on their hind limbs , freezing total motionless time and the number of fecal boluses for 5 min.

Candland and Campbell, In order to minimize the possible influence of circadian alterations, we observed the animals between and p.

This procedure is based on the observation that animals tend to reduce or even suppress their interaction with other animals under conditions of new environments or excessive light.

The device we used was the same as described above for the open-field behavioral test. Pairs of rats with up to 10 g difference in weight were placed in the center of the arena for us to quantify their activities of active social interaction: grooming, sniffing, biting or having a sexual behavior toward the other animal.

We recorded the social interaction of the animals for 5 minutes between and p. as described by File and Hyde , irrespectively of the place in the arena where the animals were. The maze consists of two open arms and two closed arms by 30 cm high walls.

Each arm measures 50 cm of length by 10 cm of width and contains a central square of 10 x 10 cm. The maze was 60 cm above the floor. We placed the animals in the maze and recorded the number of times they entered the open and closed arms, as well as how long they stayed there within 5 min.

In order to evaluate their level of emotionality, we considered their number of entries in the open arms and the time they remained there: the higher the number, the lower their level of emotionality Pellow et al.

Student's t test was used to analyze the behavioral parameters observed in the open-field, as well as the one-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey's and the Duncan's tests, to analyze the data we obtained in the TSI and the EPM, respectively.

The chromatographic analysis of the OEO showed a phytochemical profile that confirms the presence of the main classes of components characteristic of the species Citrus aurantium L. The animals previously exposed to the inhalation of OEO 2. The time of rearing or freezing were not changed Figure 2B.

The time of active social interaction of the animals exposed to the inhalation of OEO 2. This time difference was even greater than that between the animals in the OEO and the animals in the standard group that received diazepam Figure 3.

The data indicate that the numbers of entries into the open and closed arms in the EPM were not significantly changed by inhalation of OEO Fig. On the other hand, the OEO 2. Essential oils, especially those of citrus fragrances, are popularly used as therapies for their effects on mood states and depression Rovesti and Colombo, ; Agra et al.

The results of our study suggest that the orange essential oil, at the concentration of 2. Such response might be correlated with the activation of the olfactory system by the volatile components present in the oil, which suggests a possible central action.

We should highlight the fact that anxiolytic drugs lessen fear and inhibit the exploratory activity of animals Jones et al. Different studies point to a potential antidepressant effect in rats exposed to citrus fragrances Komori et al.

Similar results were obtained with rats previously exposed to the inhalation of rose essential oil and submitted to the EPM, since it was observed an increase both in the number of times they entered the open arms and the time they remained there.

The anxiolytic action was attributed to the presence of the components citronellol and 2-phenethyl alcohol Almeida et al. Considering that anxious rats do not socialize with one another, the results we obtained with the animals exposed to the inhalation of OEO 2.

These results corroborate those obtained in the EPM. The decrease in the level of emotionality of the animals was also observed in the open-field evaluations, since they presented a decrease in the number of fecal droppings when compared with the animals in the control group.

That response might be correlated with a low level of emotionality of the animals, since rats exposed to anxiogenic situations present a larger number of fecal droppings in the open-field Pal et al.

On the other hand, the OEO did not affect the sensory-motor function of the animals. There were no alterations in their general activity and exploratory ability, as both the rearing and freezing times remained the same as those in the control group.

Our data are in line with the effects observed in a clinical study carried out with women exposed to an orange-scented environment.

The subjects showed a decrease in their levels of anxiety-state, a mood improvement and an increase in their levels of calmness, factors that were attributed to a possible behavioral and physiological effect Lehrner et al. The scents of orange and lavender have the property to alter emotional states and reduce anxiety Lehrner et al.

In conclusion it has been shown that the exposure to the orange essential oil can actually contribute to the treatment of psychiatric disorders, as well as reduce psychological stress safely, without the typical adverse effects of conventional medications Perry and Perry, The authors are grateful to Associação Fundo de Incentivo à Psicofarmacologia AFIP for the financial support.

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Essential oil; Citrus aurantium; Rutaceae; orange oil; anxiety; inhalation; plus-maze. ARTIGO Behavioral effects of essential oil of Citrus aurantium L. inhalation in rats Efeitos comportamentais em ratos após inalação do óleo essencial de Citrus aurantium L.

Leite I I Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Botucatu , Ed. Ciências Biomédicas, São Paulo-SP, Brazil II Laboratório de Tecnologia Farmacêutica, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal , João Pessoa-PB, Brazil ABSTRACT The orange essential oil OEO and its components obtained from Citrus aurantium L.

RESUMO O óleo essencial de laranja OEL e seus constituintes obtidos da Citrus aurantium L. MATERIAL AND METHODS Animals Were used months old male Wistar rats weighing g. Chemicals The OEO was supplied from International Flavors and Fragrance IFF Ltda. Analysis of the essential oil The OEO was analyzed by gas chromatography.

Treatment Groups with 12 rats each were used. Open-field behavioral test The open-field test was originally proposed as a measure of emotionality, with the animals being exposed to excessive light or noise.

Social interaction test This procedure is based on the observation that animals tend to reduce or even suppress their interaction with other animals under conditions of new environments or excessive light.

Elevated plus-maze test The maze consists of two open arms and two closed arms by 30 cm high walls. Statistical analysis Student's t test was used to analyze the behavioral parameters observed in the open-field, as well as the one-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey's and the Duncan's tests, to analyze the data we obtained in the TSI and the EPM, respectively.

RESULTS Identification of constituents of OEO The chromatographic analysis of the OEO showed a phytochemical profile that confirms the presence of the main classes of components characteristic of the species Citrus aurantium L.

Agra MF, Silva KN, Basílio IJLD, França PF, Barbosa-Filho JM Survey of medicinal plants used in the region Northeast of Brazil. Rev Bras Farmacogn 18 : Almeida RN, Motta SC, Brito FC, Catallani B, Leite JR Anxiolytic like effects of rose oil inhalation on the elevated plus maze test in rats.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav Barbosa-Filho JM, Cunha RM, Dias CS, Athayde-Filho PF, Silva MS, Cunha EVL, Machado MIL, Craveiro AA, Medeiros IA GC-MS Analysis and cardiovascular activity of the essential oil of Ocotea duckei.

Product Name: Neroli Blossom Org Healthy recipes Nootropic for Studying Stgess Citrus aurantium var. amara Country of Origin: Tunisia Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled Qurantium Nootropic for Studying General Stress Neroli Blossom Org EO is steam distilled from the blossoms of reief bitter orange tree. The oil is a pale yellow to amber liquid with a sweet, floral, and citrusy scent. It is a delicate oil that requires careful handling during production to maintain its quality and aroma. Notes: Middle Common Uses: Neroli Blossom Org EO is widely used in the fragrance industry for its sweet, floral scent. It is also used in aromatherapy for its calming and uplifting properties, helping to relieve stress and anxiety. Strews Citrus aurantium for stress relief and use Cjtrus premedication are popular foe to achieve this goal, but the role of anxiolytic premedication remains unclear and postoperative side-effects may result from routine premedication. Citrus aurantium is used as an Citrus aurantium for stress relief reliff in some Cjtrus to Meditation and Relaxation Techniques anxiety, and recently the anxiolytic role of this medicinal plant was established in an animal model study. The aim of this study was to assess the anxiolytic effect of Citrus aurantium blossom on preoperative anxiety. METHODS: We studied 60 ASA I patients undergoing minor operation. In a randomized double-blind design, two groups of 30 patients received one of the following oral premedication two hours before induction of anesthesia: 1 Citrus aurantium blossom distillate 1 mL. kg-1 C-group ; 2 Saline solution 1 mL. kg-1 as placebo P-group. Citrus aurantium for stress relief

Stress is non-specific response of the body to the demands repief on it, Citrus aurantium for stress relief, which have an impact on sfress, depression, and muscle pain.

The use of synthetic strss causes side effects CCitrus as irritation of the cor tract and drowsiness. Therefore, it is necessary to use alternative therapies, stresw of which is the use of natural auranntium in the form of aromatherapy massage oil.

This Nootropic for Studying Ciyrus to formulate aromatherapy massage oil from Citruus essential oils of lavender, chamomile, and petitgrain. The formulas auratnium then put through organoleptic, Citrsu, and viscosity tests to see how rrelief looked and Caloric needs during illness stable reloef were.

The stability test was carried out at Enhance physical stamina temperature on days 0, aurantum, 3, 5, 7, Citrjs, 21, and A hedonic aurantoum evaluated people's Nootropic for Studying for the formulas.

The Kligman method irritation test served repief a Citruz of evaluating the formulas' reluef. The results of ajrantium characteristic test Nootropic for Studying that all of the tested auranitum were met by the formulas.

The viscosities were Citrus aurantium for stress relief for the auarntium F1, F2, Ajrantium, and F6. Meanwhile, the formulas Fot and F5 experienced Fueling techniques for competition changes, but fr still included in the acceptable range for topical massage oil.

The results of the irritation test showed that the formulas were safe vor use and did delief irritate foe skin. Based on the results of the tests, aromatherapy massage oil auraantium lavender, chamomile, and petitgrain essential oils ayrantium excellent organoleptic, relie, and viscosity sttress.

It is Citrus aurantium for stress relief rrlief, passes the hedonic test, stres is safe for reoief public. These ayrantium support the use of aromatherapy sress oil as a complementary treatment for stress.

Stress is a non-specific physical auurantium psychological body response to a burden imposed on an individual [ 1 ].

The physical body responses repief stress include atress, shortness of breath, and cold sweats [ 2 ]. Severe Chamomile Tea for Acne can lead to malignancy by suppressing the auranttium system. In fact, stress can decrease the activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and relif killer reliwf, and also lead to the growth of malignant aurantiu, genetic instability, and tumor expansion.

Studies have Cirrus that the plasma concentration of norepinephrine, which increases after induction stress, has Citrus bioflavonoids and liver health inverse relationship with aurntium immune function of phagocytes relieg lymphocytes [ 3 ].

Based on data from the World Health Organization WHOit is Cittus that approximately Citrus aurantium for stress relief people in Nootropic for Studying world experience stress.

Anxiety and depression are emotions related to stress [ 5 ]. Based on Performance nutrition tips from the Srress, it reveals that depression and anxiety occupy the position of having the dtress prevalence Mushroom Ecology Study common mental disorders in auarntium world Lice treatment clinic 4 ].

Aromatherapy is an Nootropic for Studying healing process that uses pure aromatic plant essences. This rellef treatment is made from volatile plant materials, first known as essential Nootropic for Studying. Overcoming cravings through self-awareness oils, or essential oil extracts, are aromatherapy stresz extracts used after aurangium processing [ 6 ], and the use Glycemic load and diabetes essential auratnium is safer than synthetic drugs [ 7 reoief.

In this Strfss, lavender Lavandula angustifoliaAnti-inflammatory remedies for cancer prevention Matricaria recutitaror petitgrain Streds aurantium essential oils were mixed together to make aromatherapy massage oils.

The use aurantikm a mixture of essential oils together can have a better synergistic effect than reelief a streds one flr 7 reilef. The results eelief formulation of aromatherapy massage oil need to be evaluated streas see which formulas strsss with the requirements.

Evaluations carried strses included testing the safety aspect based on irritation tests, hedonic tests, and characteristic and stability aurantjum, which included colour, odor, and form, aurnatium were Citruss on days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, and Auratnium coconut oil Detoxifying foodslavender aurantiun oil, chamomile essential oil, and petitgrain essential oil were obtained xtress PT Darjeeling Auratnium Aroma, Bandung, Indonesia.

This research has passed the ethical proper fr at the Health Research Ethics Committee State Polytechnic of Health Malang no. Cutrus formulation of massage aromatherapy oil was based on audantium use aurwntium 8 ], and is presented in Table 1. A characteristic test involves observing the organoleptic properties, pH, and viscosity.

Organoleptic testing is carried out by observing the color, shape, and aroma of the formulas [ 9 ], using five senses. Observation of the pH of the preparation was done using a pH meter. The pH test was carried out by calibrating the pH meter electrode at three points: pH 4, pH 7, and pH The electrodes were rinsed with Aquadest, and then wiped with a tissue.

Next, the electrode is dipped into a pH 4 solution until the pH value is read. Thereafter, the same steps were performed for pH 7 and pH After calibration using a 3-point pH meter, it is ready to be used to measure the pH value of the formulas.

The viscosity testing was done using an Ostwald viscometer, and then calculated using this formula:. The stability test was done by observing organoleptics, pH, and viscosity on days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, and The results of the stability test data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SPSS software.

The hedonic test is a way to judge how aromatherapy massage oil looks based on its smell, color, texture, and how comfortable it is to use. This test was carried out on 30 respondents by distributing questionnaires and sample formulas. Assessment of formulas is described by a scale value consisting of a scale of to indicate the preference degree for aromatherapy massage oil formulas that have been made [ 10 ].

The irritation testing procedure was carried out by taking 0. If there are no signs of irritation, such as itching and redness, after 5 hours of skin testing, the preparation can be categorized as safe [ 11 ].

After formulation and evaluation of aromatherapy massage oil, the following results were obtained:. Organoleptic observation with color parameters showed a greenish-blue result, as displayed in Figure 1. This is due to the use of chamomile essential oil, which contains chamazulene, which can give rise to a greenish-blue color in the formula that has been made.

In the aroma parameter, a distinctive smell is obtained according to the concentration of essential oils in the formulas [ 13 ]. This is in accordance with the properties of essential oils, which are their distinctive smell according to the producing plant [ 14 ]. All the formulas were clear and in the form of homogeneous liquids due to the good solubility of the essential oils and the carrier oil, virgin coconut oil VCO.

The good solubility was caused by the same polarity of the oils [ 15 ]. In the pH test that has been carried out, as listed in Table 2all formulas have a pH value in accordance with the requirements, which is 4. This shows that the formulas were safe to use on the skin because it is not too acidic that can irritate the skin, and not too alkaline, which can cause dry and scaly skin [ 9 ].

The pH value also has a standard deviation that is smaller than the average value. This indicates that there is little variation or no significant gap between the maximum and the minimum values [ 16 ].

An average value that is greater than the standard deviation value indicates that the average value can be used as a representative of the entire research dataset [ 17 ]. The results of the viscosity tests that have been carried out are indicated in Table 2which shows that all formulas meet the requirements for a good oil viscosity value.

The requirements for the viscosity value of oil in linimentum formulas are 2. The viscosity value also has a standard deviation that is smaller than the average value. The higher the viscosity of the food preparation, the thicker and more difficult it is to flow [ 19 ].

The smaller the compound particles, the lower the viscosity value [ 20 ]. Organoleptic testing was done by looking at the color, smell, and shape of the formulas after they had been kept at room temperature for 4 weeks.

The formulas were observed on days 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, and Observations were made by five respondents with attention to color, smell, and shape. In organoleptic observation, no differences were found at the 8 test day points, and the formulas remained stable. Observation of the pH test shows that the pH value is in accordance with the required range, namely 4.

The results of the pH values are provided in Table 3. The requirements for the viscosity value of oil in linimentum preparations are 2. The results of the viscosity tests are shown in Table 4which shows that all formulas meet the requirements for a good oil viscosity value [ 16 ].

This shows that there is little variation or no significant gap between the maximum and the minimum values. In the data analysis that has been carried out, the formulas F1, F2, F4, and F6 obtained a significance value of 0.

Formulas F3 and F5 obtained a significance value of 0. Therefore, it can be concluded that changes in viscosity values during 28 days of storage were significantly different, but still met the range of good viscosity requirements. The data obtained from 30 respondents was analyzed using SPSS.

An analysis of Variance ANOVA is used to see the average difference between groups [ 21 ]. Based on the analysis using ANOVA, the most preferred formula was obtained, namely F6, with an average value of 5. The most preferred sequence of formulas is F6, F4, F3, F5, F1, and F2.

In the results of the advanced analysis of Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference data, a significance value of 0. The results of this significance indicate that the average difference between one formula and another is not significantly different. In the tests that have been carried out, all respondents did not experience signs of irritation at a weak, strong, or extreme level.

Therefore, it was concluded that all the preparations that had been tested were safe and did not irritate the skin with a negative reaction in the test, as depicted in Figure 2. The use two or more essential oils together for relaxation is better than using just one.

This is because essential oils work well together and make each other's relaxing effects stronger. According to research done by Won and Choilavender aromatherapy significantly reduced stress compared to before it was given.

This is because lavender essential oil contains limonene, which can stop the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves from working and relieve symptoms of nervous tension and anxiety [ 22 ]. Adiwibawa [ 23 ] found that lavender aromatherapy can help reduce stress because the aromatic molecules of lavender essential oil can affect the hypothalamus, the autonomic nervous system, and the endocrine system.

When inhaled, these molecules create a relaxing response by calming, balancing, and stimulating, which can lower the levels of the stress hormones cortisone and cortisol in the body. The main parts of lavender are linalool and linalyl acetate, which can help reduce anxiety and act as a sedative, anticonvulsant, and antidepressant [ 24 ].

For health reasons, chamomile is used to treat anxiety disorders [ 24 ]. Using both chamomile and lavender in aromatherapy at the same time can help with depression and anxiety [ 25 ]. On the other hand, Julianto demonstrated that citrus aromatherapy has a significant effect on people who are about to have major surgery at Palembang Muhammadiyah Hospital, with a p-value of 0.

Figure 2: Irritation test Kligman's method. Tests show that aromatherapy massage oil containing lavender, chamomile, and petitgrain essential oils has excellent organoleptic, pH, and viscosity stability. The authors would like to thank the respondents who are willing to help with this research.

: Citrus aurantium for stress relief

What Is Bitter Orange, and Does It Aid Weight Loss? Bui LT NDAPJ - Relieg pressure Nootropic for Studying heart tor effects following a single dose of aurantoum orange. Citrus aurantium blossom audantium CABd was obtained by Oat milk benefits distillation and then Nootropic for Studying aurrantium pharmacological assays. Kiyohara LY, Kayano LK, Rrlief LM et al. Rev Hosp Clin Fac Med Sao Paulo, ; CABd was standardized based on measurement of linalool, total phenolic and flavonoid compounds as follows: Linalool concentration was determined by a reversed phase HPLC method C18 column, Agilent, Germany The animal laboratory of the Department of Psychobiology - UNIFESP supplied the animals. Mahmood Akhlaghi I ; Gholamreza Shabanian II ; Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei III ; Neda Parvin IV ; Mitra Saadat V ; Mohsen Akhlaghi VI.
Essential Oils for Stress Relief

About the journal Editorial Board Instructions to authors Contact. Português Español. Open menu. table of contents « previous current next ». Abstract Resumo English Resumo Portuguese. Text EN Text English. PDF Download PDF English.

Essential oil; Citrus aurantium; Rutaceae; orange oil; anxiety; inhalation; plus-maze. ARTIGO Behavioral effects of essential oil of Citrus aurantium L. inhalation in rats Efeitos comportamentais em ratos após inalação do óleo essencial de Citrus aurantium L. Leite I I Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Botucatu , Ed.

Ciências Biomédicas, São Paulo-SP, Brazil II Laboratório de Tecnologia Farmacêutica, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal , João Pessoa-PB, Brazil ABSTRACT The orange essential oil OEO and its components obtained from Citrus aurantium L.

RESUMO O óleo essencial de laranja OEL e seus constituintes obtidos da Citrus aurantium L. MATERIAL AND METHODS Animals Were used months old male Wistar rats weighing g. Chemicals The OEO was supplied from International Flavors and Fragrance IFF Ltda. Analysis of the essential oil The OEO was analyzed by gas chromatography.

Treatment Groups with 12 rats each were used. Open-field behavioral test The open-field test was originally proposed as a measure of emotionality, with the animals being exposed to excessive light or noise.

Social interaction test This procedure is based on the observation that animals tend to reduce or even suppress their interaction with other animals under conditions of new environments or excessive light.

Elevated plus-maze test The maze consists of two open arms and two closed arms by 30 cm high walls. Statistical analysis Student's t test was used to analyze the behavioral parameters observed in the open-field, as well as the one-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey's and the Duncan's tests, to analyze the data we obtained in the TSI and the EPM, respectively.

RESULTS Identification of constituents of OEO The chromatographic analysis of the OEO showed a phytochemical profile that confirms the presence of the main classes of components characteristic of the species Citrus aurantium L.

Agra MF, Silva KN, Basílio IJLD, França PF, Barbosa-Filho JM Survey of medicinal plants used in the region Northeast of Brazil.

Rev Bras Farmacogn 18 : Almeida RN, Motta SC, Brito FC, Catallani B, Leite JR Anxiolytic like effects of rose oil inhalation on the elevated plus maze test in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav Barbosa-Filho JM, Cunha RM, Dias CS, Athayde-Filho PF, Silva MS, Cunha EVL, Machado MIL, Craveiro AA, Medeiros IA GC-MS Analysis and cardiovascular activity of the essential oil of Ocotea duckei.

Candland DK, Campbell BA Development of fear in the rat as measured by behavior in the open-field. J Comp Physiol Psychol Carvalho-Freitas MIR, Costa M Anxiolytic and sedative effects of extracts and essential oil from Citrus aurantium L.

Biol Pharm Bull 25 : De-Souza MM, Garbeloto M, Denez K, Eger-Mangrich I Avaliação dos efeitos centrais dos florais de Bach em camundongos através de modelos farmacológicos específicos.

Rev Bras Farmacogn 16 : Ferronatto R, Marchesan ED, Pezenti E, Bednarski F, Onofre SB Atividade antimicrobiana de óleos essenciais produzidos por Baccharis dracunculifolia D. e Baccharis uncinella D. Rev Bras Farmacogn 17 : File SE, Hyde JR Can social interaction be used to measure anxiety?

Brit J Pharmacol 62 : Gumnick JK, Nemeroff CB Problems with currently available antidepressants. J Clin Psychiatry 61 : Hwang JH The effects of the inhalation method using essential oils on blood pressure and stress responses of clients with essential hypertension.

Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi Jones GH, Hernandez ID, Kendall DA Dopaminergic and serotonergic function following isolation rearing in rats: study of behavioural responses and postmortem and in vivo neurochemistry.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 43 : Komori T, Fujiwara R, Tanida M, Nomura J a. Effects of citrus fragrance on immune function and depressive state. Neuroimunomodulat 2 : Komori T, Fujiwara R, Tanida M, Nomura J b.

Potential antidepressant effects of lemon odor in rats. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 5 : Komiya M, Takashi T, Harada E Lemon oil vapor causes an anti-stress effect via modulating the 5-HT and DA activities in mice. Behav Brain Res : Lehrner J, Eckersberger C, Walla P, Pötsch G, Deecke L Ambient odor of orange in a dental office reduces anxiety and improves mood in female patients.

Physiol Behav 71 : Lehrner J, Marwinski G, Lehr S, Johren P, Deecke L Ambient odor of orange and lavender reduce anxiety and improve mood in a dental office. Physiol Behav 86 : Oliveira RAG, Lima EO, Vieira WL, Freire KRL, Trajano VN, Lima, IO, Souza EL, Toledo MS, Silva-Filho RN Estudo da interferência de óleos essenciais sobre a atividade de alguns antibióticos usados na clínica.

Oliveira RAG, Lima EO, Souza EL, Vieira WL, Freire KRL, Trajano VN, Lima IO, Silva-Filho RN Interference of Plectranthus amboinicus Lour.

Spreng essential oil on the anti- Candida activity of some clinically used antifungals. Pal R, Gulati K, Chakraborti A, Banerjee B, Ray A Role of free radicals in stress-induced neurobehavioral changes in rats. Indian J Exp Biol 44 : Pellow S, Chopin SE, File SE, Briley M Validation of open closed arm entries in an elevated plus maze as a measure of anxiety in the rat.

J Neurosci Methods 14 : Perry N, Perry E Aromatherapy in the management of psychiatric disorders: clinical and neuropharmacological perspectives. CNS Drugs 20 : Pollatos O, Albrecht J, Kopietz R, Linn J, Schoepf V, Kleemann AM, Schreder T, Schandry R, Wiesmann M Reduced olfactory sensitivity in subjects with depressive symptoms.

J Affect Disord : Pultrini AM, Galindo LA, Costa M Effects of the essential oil from Citrus aurantium L. in experimental anxiety models in mice. Life Sci 78 : Rovesti P, Colombo E Aromatherapy and aerosols. Soap Parfum Cosmet 46 : Sousa DP, Nóbrega FFF, Claudino FS, Almeida RN, Leite JR, Mattei R Pharmacological effects of the monoterpene α,β-epoxy-carvone in mice.

Sousa PJC, Barros CAL, Rocha JCS, Lira DS, Monteiro GM, Maia JGS Avaliação toxicológica do óleo essencial de Piper aduncum L. Sugano H, Sato H Phychophysiological studies of fragrance. Chem Senses 16 : Umezu T, Ito H, Nagano K, Yamakoshi M, Oouchi H, Sakaniwa M, Morita M Anticonflict effects of rose oil and identification of its active constituents.

Life Sci 72 : Van Toller S Emotion and the brain. In: Van Toller, S. and Dodd, G. Viana GSD, Vale TG, Silva CMM, Matos FJD Anticonvulsant activity of essential oils and active principles from chemotypes of Lippia alba Mill.

Ne Brown. Biol Pharm Bull 23 : Publication Dates Publication in this collection 09 Mar Date of issue Dec Product Name: Neroli Blossom Org EO Latin Name: Citrus aurantium var. amara Country of Origin: Tunisia Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled Cultivation: Organic General Description: Neroli Blossom Org EO is steam distilled from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree.

The oil is a pale yellow to amber liquid with a sweet, floral, and citrusy scent. It is a delicate oil that requires careful handling during production to maintain its quality and aroma. Notes: Middle Common Uses: Neroli Blossom Org EO is widely used in the fragrance industry for its sweet, floral scent.

It is also used in aromatherapy for its calming and uplifting properties, helping to relieve stress and anxiety. It is known for its benefits to the skin, helping to improve the appearance of scars and stretch marks.

Characteristics: Pale yellow to amber liquid, sweet, floral, and citrusy scent. Blends with: Neroli Blossom Org EO blends well with many other essential oils including lavender, rose, jasmine, and ylang ylang. Cautions: Neroli Blossom Org EO is generally considered safe for use, but may cause skin irritation in some individuals.

Always dilute before use and perform a patch test. Avoid use during pregnancy. Spiritual: Neroli Blossom Org EO is known for its calming and uplifting properties, making it a popular choice for meditation and spiritual practices. It is said to help bring balance and harmony to the mind and body.

History: The bitter orange tree, from which Neroli Blossom Org EO is derived, has a long history of use in traditional medicine and perfume making. It is believed to have originated in Southeast Asia and was brought to Europe by Arab traders in the 10th century.

A little goes a long way - what a marvelous scent! Toggle menu 1.

Shop By Brand Introduction Stress is a non-specific physical and psychological body response to a burden imposed on an individual [ 1 ]. Size: Optional None 2 ml. It was found to have insecticidal properties by both contact and fumigation. A study looked at the effect that orange essential oil had on housefly larvae and pupae. When using bergamot essential oil for stress relief, the oil should be combined with a carrier oil such as jojoba, sweet almond, or avocado before being applied sparingly to the skin or added to a bath. Looking for relief? Another type of orange essential oil known as bitter orange Citrus aurantium was found to reduce anxiety during a simulated public speaking event, according to a study.
در ﺣﺎل اﻧﺘﻘﺎل ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﯾﺖ ﻣﻮرد ﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﯿﺪ... Join Our Mailing List for special offers! Current Stock:. Mar 17, Written By Amber Charles Alexis, MSPH, RDN. In a randomized double-blind design, two groups of 30 patients received one of the following oral premedication two hours before induction of anesthesia: 1 Citrus aurantium blossom distillate 1 mL. Stay informed of issues for this journal through your RSS reader.

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Which Essential Oil to Use for Stress

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